EIA OF SUDAN'S OIL FIELDS - EFFECTS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE OIL INDUSTRY
The oil industry in southern
developed rapidly over the past decade more than 1000 oil wells have been
drilled and several large oil fields have been established. Most of the oil
fields are placed in Africa’s largest wetland area ‘The Sudd’ which is catchment
the White Nile and host several ethnic groups and a huge amount of wild life.
Based upon EO data we have
made change analysis in the larges part of the productive oil concession areas -
have spotted several problems for humans and the environment.
Oil concession area as they were distributed in 2007 – we
have analyzed Block 1, 2, 3, 4, 5a, 6, 7 and 12. The map further shows oil wells that
have been observed in concession bloks and regions.
The Machar Marshes
are among the larges in the world and contribute to the draining systems of the
Nile, they have high nature value and the areas are used for small holder
agriculture and by nomads for winter grassing. Lately, oil has been found in the
areas and big programs have started for exploration of the oil. Satellite images
are excellent and a cheap measure to spot the consequence of the oil exploration
activities, including all weather roads which blocks and disturbers the natural
draining of the area.
Block 3 and 7;
EIA oil industry - Damming /
Clients: The European Coalition on Oil in Sudan (ECOS)
and Global Withness,